The City of Fultondale was once a mining town in the early 1900’s. Fultondale was incorporated in 1947 and formed a government including a Mayor and five-city councilman. With this leadership the first fire truck was purchased and a city hall was built where the Municipal City Park is today.
The area was once known as Fulton Springs. Prior to the building of Interstate 65, US 31 was the main route for travelers northbound from Birmingham towards Nashville, Tennessee. As a result, hotels such as the Keystone Lodge and Buchmann Motor Inn prospered. On the city's southern edge was located one of the few drive-in theatres in the Birmingham area. This was torn down when I-65 was built in the late 60's and early 70's. The Pine Bowl bowling alley is still a long time fixture in the city. The city once operated its own city pool and recreation center. The pool was the only municipally operated public pool in northern Jefferson county. Traces of the old routing of US 31 are still noticeable in the city. From just south of the city hall to an old bridge on the city's northern side, most of this old routing is known as Stouts Road or in some case simply "old US 31."
The city is located north of Interstate I-65 only minutes from downtown Birmingham. It is one of the fastest growing communities in Jefferson County both commercially and residentially.